Former Residence Tour
Touch the History of Old Chongqing

9th April 2018


On the Qingming Festival, people usually mourn for the dead. Why not pay a visit to some former residences of historical figures in Chongqing and touch the city’s history?



Former residence of hou Enlai, former Prime Minister of PRC



To facilitate the interactions with people from all walks of life,Deng Yingchao (Zhou’s whife)rented most houses in Zengjiayan, in the name of Zhou Enlai, in February, 1939. These houses were claimed to be Zhou Enlai’s residence. But in fact, they were used as the working place and boarding house of the South Bureau.


Zhou Enlai’s former residence is made up of five buildings with civil engineering structures, including office building, auditorium, guesthouse, nursery and kitchen. The leading organizations and confidential broadcasting stations of the South Bureau are located on the second and third floors. Zhou Enlai, Ye Jianying, Wang Ruofei and Deng Yingchao worked here for ages. Today, as the branch of the Hongyan Revolution Memorial Hall in Zengjiayan, these buildings keep much of their original appearances.


Address: No. 50, Zengjiayan, Yuzhong District


Song Qingling’s former residence



During the Anti-Japanese War,Soong Ching-ling came to Chongqing twice and worked here for four years. Simple and unadorned, her residence was used as the reception center of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Nationalist Government before she lived here. Her modesty and gentleness is mirrored in the living environment. At present, the building has been changed into the exhibition gallery of Soong Ching-ling’s former residence, keeping its original appearance.


Address: No. 5, Xincun, Lianglukou, Yuzhong District


Song Ziwen's former residence (Yiyuan Garden)


Nestling on a hill, Yiyuan Garden is a three-story stone building. It's a Gothic style castle with balconies of different sizes on the second and third floors. During the Anti-Japanese War, it was used as the mansion of Song Ziwen who was the Foreign Minister and the head of the Executive Department of the Nationalist Government. George C. Marshall, the Ambassador of the USA, also lived here during the CCP-KMT talks. After the liberation of Chongqing, Yiyuan Garden was used as the guesthouse for government agencies. Later in March, 1992, it was listed as a cultural and historical site under the city protection by the people's government of Chongqing.


Address: No. 19, Sixin Road, Shangqingsi, Yuzhong District


Guo Moruo’s former residence



Guo Moruo’s former residence was also used as the site of the third office of the Political Department of the Military Commission and the Cultural Work Committee of the Nationalist Government. Covering a floor area of 10,190 square meters and a building area of 1,566 square meters, it is a courtyard with sloping roofs in late Qing Dynasty style and no luxurious ornaments can be found in the yard. Guo Moruo created many great literary works in such peaceful environment.


Address: Xiangjiaoyuan Village (Quanjia Courtyard), Xiyong County, Shapingba District


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